"Men are superior to women by nature"

A summary of medieval views based on Greek philosophy.

It explains, to some extent, why Church teaching on sexuality has been so negative in our Christian tradition

The ancient mediterranean cultures were patriarchal.

From this starting point, Aristotle (384-322 BC) and other Greek philosophers constructed a theory that tried to explain male superiority.

The Christian early writers (200-900 AD) adopted this theory. Medieval theologians (1000-1600 AD) developed all the implications of this presumed piece of 'Christian doctrine'.

The results still haunt the Catholic Church today.

We present the evolution of the doctrine in five diagrams.

Spirit over Matter Man over Woman Male Child Female Child Lost Sperm


AMRUTHA. novel by John Wijngaards
how to escape outdated Christian sexual morality
The Christian Enjoyment of Sex Frequently Asked Questions
Fantasies Nakedness Contraceptives Guilt Homosexuality Masturbation
Is love simply sex? When is sex sinful? Periods
New Focus in Catholic Sexual Morality - academic sources Origin
of negative attitudes to sex

Wijngaards Institute for Catholic Research

This website is maintained by the John Wijngaards Catholic Research Centre.

Our emblem - based on a 14th century illustration - shows Sophia, "Wisdom", in action. She was known to have been God's designer who danced at creation (Proverbs 8,12-31). In the image she is teaching geometry to medieval scholars.

We chose this for our emblem because it shows both respect for exact science and a recognition that the Spirit of God is at the root of all human research. Please help us if you can.

Natural Law and Conscience Synod on the Family 2015